World record

Northern Ice Field (Mount Kilimanjaro)The Northern Ice Field is near the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, on the west slope of the peak.[1] The Northern Ice Field and Eastern Ice Fields were connected to the Southern Ice Field and formed part of a continuous body of glacial ice atop Mount Kilimanjaro when first scientifically examined in 1912. By 1962 the Southern Ice Field separated from the Northern Ice Field and then by 1975 the Eastern Ice Field did as well. In 1912, the glaciated areas atop Mount Kilimanjaro covered 11.40 square kilometres (4.40 sq mi); by 2011 this had been reduced to 1.76 square kilometres (0.68 sq mi), an 85 percent loss.[2] At one time, ice flowing off the Northern Ice Field fed numerous glaciers, including, north to south, the Credner, Drygalski, Great Penck and Little Penck Glaciers.Northern Ice Field
Kilimanjaro Glaciers.jpg
NASA image from 2004 with locations of major glaciers on Mount Kilimanjaro. Northern Ice Field is at left. Click on image to expand.Type Mountain glacier/icecap
Location Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
Coordinates 03°03′30″S 37°20′55″E
Terminus Barren rock
Status Stagnant ice and retreating
The Northern Ice Field is the largest body of ice remaining on Mount Kilimanjaro, with an area of 0.95 square kilometres (0.37 sq mi), when measured in 2007.[3] During the exceptionally cold period known as the Younger Dryas, which occurred approximately 12,800 and 11,500 years BP (between 10,800 and 9500 BC), Mount Kilimanjaro may have been ice-free. While conditions during the Younger Dryas were cold enough to support ice, it was also exceptionally dry, so much so that the region where Mount Kilimanjaro is located was semi-desert. Ice core samples taken from the Northern Ice Field date only from the end of the Younger Dryas and have been dated at 11,500 years.[3] Dust deposits in the ice core samples coincide with periods of suspected warming conditions such as the Medieval Warm Period (1000–1270 AD). The ice cores also indicate that during the Little Ice Age (1270–1850 AD), the Northern Ice Field and other glaciated areas on Mount Kilimanjaro likely expanded; this was due to not just to cooling temperatures, but also a wetter climate.[3] Ice cores drilled into the Northern Ice Field in 2000 went through the glacier to bedrock, a total distance of just over 50 m (160 ft).[4]The current state of retreat of the glaciers on Mount Kilimanjaro has been attributed to both warmer and drier conditions than were present during the Little Ice Age. Tropical glaciers tend to be more greatly impacted by moisture than those found in the mid-latitudes or polar zones and drier conditions can lead to higher percentages of glacial loss due to the higher amount of radiational heating in tropical zones, though most of the tropical glacial loss is still primarily attributed to a warming climate.[5]This pattern of retreat is not anticipated to change and most if not all the ice on top of Mount Kilimanjaro may be gone by 2040. Since 1984, the Northern Ice Field developed a hole near its center point which by 2003 had opened into a canyon exposing rocks for the first time in 11,000 years. By 2011, the Northern Ice Field had split in two.[2][6] The retreat is not just along the margins. Between 2000 and 2007, the Northern Ice Field thinned by an average of 1.9 m (6 ft 3 in).[7]See alsoRetreat of glaciers since 1850
List of glaciers in Africa
ReferencesYoung, James A.T. (1991). “Glaciers of the Middle East and Africa – Glaciers of Africa” (pdf). U. S. Geological SurveyDiscover, plan and book your perfect trip with expert advice, travel guides, destination information and inspiration book with us: https://www.tripadvisor.co.uk/Attraction_Review-d18933530?m=19905

Trip to Africa.

It’s funny. When you leave your home and wander really far, you always think, ‘I want to go home.’ But then you come home, and of course it’s not the same. You can’t live with it, you can’t live away from it. And it seems like from then on there’s always this yearning for someplace that doesn’t exist. I felt that. Still do. I’m never completely at home anywhere.

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charity women’s health.

The first project addresses women’s menstrual health. Most women especially
those who come from poor family backgrounds are unable to buy normal pads
every month. The project aims to educate women about their menstruation cycle
and promote best practices to improve their health and wellbeing. We also provide
these women with health kits which include reusable pads that can last many years
and therefore are more affordable than normal period pads. It is truly a blessing to have the
opportunity work with and give back to our community. If visitors wish, they can
choose to visit these communities and also volunteer to help out with this organization. contact us for more information

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For lovely eyes, seek out the good in people.
For a slim figure, share your food with the hungry.
For beautiful hair, let a child run his fingers through it once a day.
For poise, walk with the knowledge you’ll never walk alone.

We leave you a tradition with a future.
The tender loving care of human beings will never become obsolete.
People even more than things have to be restored, renewed, revived, reclaimed and redeemed and redeemed and redeemed.
Never throw out anybody.
Remember, if you ever need a helping hand, you’ll find one at the end of your arm.
As you grow older, you will discover that you have two hands: one for helping yourself, the other for helping others.
Your “good old days” are still ahead of you, may you have many of them.

Contact us for charity.https://www.tripadvisor.co.uk/Attraction_Review-d18933530?m=19905

Africa luxury Safari 3 days.

A trip to Africa is not complete without a visit to view the wildlife in the famous national parks: Ngorongoro Crater, Lake Manyara, and Tarangire. On safari, you can see giraffe, zebra, wildebeest, elephants, hippos, and a large variety of birds. Among the more rare treats are rhinos, leopards, cheetah, or a lion kill.

Itinerary

Day 1: Drive from Moshi to Tarangire National Park

Stop At: Tarangire National Park, Tarangire National Park, Arusha Region
Drive from Moshi to Tarangire National Park takes 3 hours. Huge herds of wildebeest, zebras, elephants,elandsand oryx gather to stay in Tarangire until the onset of the rain. Then, in the late evening drive back to the Highview Hotel or similar in karatu bed and breakfast.

Duration: 6 hours

Meals included:
• Lunch: Full Board Meals
Accommodation included: Highview Hotel or Similar

Day 2: Game drive in the Ngorongoro Crater

Stop At: Ngorongoro Crater, Ngorongoro Conservation Area Tanzania
Enjoy a half day game drive in the Ngorongoro Crater. This is the best place in Tanzania to see black rhino as well as the pride of lions that includes the magnificent black-maned males. There are lots of colorful flamingoes and a variety of water birds. Other game that you may see includes leopard, cheetah, and hyena. Other members of the antelope family, and small mammals. Return to the Highview Hotel for dinner and overnight.
Duration: 6 hours

Meals included:
• Lunch: Full Board Meals
Accommodation included: Highview Hotel or Similar

Day 3: Drive to Lake Manyara National Park

Stop At: Lake Manyara National Park, Lake Manyara National Park, Arusha Region
The drive from the Highview Hotel to Lake Manyara National Park, after lunch in Manyara, game drive, view monkeys and elephants stand in the shade of a baobab. Other animals seen are zebras, impalas, monkeys, giraffes, buffalos, hippos, and others. in the late Afternoon drive back to Moshi Overnight at keys hotel.

Duration: 6 hours

Meals included:
• Lunch: Full Board Meals
Accommodation included: keys hotel.


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Screenshot_20190924-101830

Northern Circuit Safari.

The Complete Northern Circuit Safari captures the magic of Africa by combining brilliant landscapes with spectacular wildlife. Giant is the word that best represents the Tarangire National Park from the numerous herds of African elephants to the colossal termite mounds and the ancient baobab trees. The Lake Manyara National Park was blessed with phenomenal biodiversity of habitat and wildlife and Arusha National Park is home to the infamous Mount Meru. We have two of Africa’s Seven Natural Wonders – the lush caldera that contains the Ngorongoro Crater and the ultimate safari destination, the Serengeti National Park. The national parks and conservation areas of the Northern Circuit Safari will surpass every expectation that you have set for this trip.ItineraryDay 1: Moshi to Arusha National ParkStop At: Arusha National Park, Arusha National Park, Arusha Region
We will commence the Northern Circuit Safari by traveling to Arusha National Park. The game drive will travel along the shores of Lake Momella and through the bronzed bush where the Ngurduto Crater Buffaloes, waterbucks, giraffes, warthogs, zebras and Gazelle reside throughout the year. The elusive leopards and elephants tend to be shy at Arusha but there is a chance of spotting them. Renowned for flawless memories, the Northern Circuit Safari offers more than the exquisite game drives. Education and exploration are on the agenda, we will set out on foot. The stroll is a chance to feel the sensation Africa’s vibrant pulse through the soles of your feet and experience the bush at its core. You will be accompanied by an armed ranger for the walk. He will guide you through the luscious forest up to the crystal waterfall and lead you to the area for viewing the black and white colobus monkeys. Overnight at Arusha Rivertree Lodge or similar
Duration: 12 hoursMeals included:
• Lunch
• Dinner
Accommodation included: Overnight at Arusha Rivertree Lodge or similarDay 2: Arusha National Park to Tarangire National Park to Mto wa MbuStop At: Tarangire National Park, Tarangire National Park, Arusha Region
The Tarangire National Park is a scenic haven that contains a high diversity of bird species. The African elephant is the largest mammal on land and the herds in the park are a remarkable sight. Tarangire’s wildlife includes elephants, lions, giraffes, warthogs, ostriches, impalas, cheetah, mongoose, buffaloes, and baboons. We will drive to Mto wa Mbu and reach the lodge/tented camp in the late afternoon.
Duration: 12 hoursMeals included:
• Breakfast
• Lunch
• Dinner
Accommodation included: Over night at Tiloma lodge/Moivaro tented camp or similarDay 3: Mto wa Mbu to Serengeti National ParkStop At: Serengeti National Park, Serengeti National Park
You will continue your journey to Serengeti National Park. It contains the world’s largest concentration of wildlife including zebra, gazelles, lions, wildebeest, elephants and giraffe. The seasonal migration of the masses of wildebeest is a magnificent sight. Serengeti means ‘The Land that Moves on Forever’ and the splendid plains of savannah validate this. We will stop for lunch on a kopje (rock outcropping) and then the game drive will journey further into the park. Once the game drive is over we will proceed to Katikati tented camp or similar.
Duration: 12 hoursMeals included:
• Breakfast
• Lunch
• Dinner
Accommodation included: Overnight at Katikati tented camp or similar.Day 4: Serengeti National Park to Ngorongoro CraterStop At: Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Arusha Region
Our early morning game drive is exhilarating. The calls of the animals are clear and scents of crisp air linger. Tracks left by predators on the prowl are untouched and could lead us to their den. The splendid rays of orange, pink and purple start to emerge on the horizon as the birds’ melodies begin to harmonize. The park is home to leopards, cheetahs, buffaloes, elands, wild dogs, crocodiles, monkeys, baboons, hippos, rhinos and various antelope. A delicious lunch will be served at the park. In the afternoon, we will depart for Rhino lodge/Angata tented camp or similar.
Duration: 12 hoursMeals included:
• Breakfast
• Lunch
• Dinner
Accommodation included: Overnight at Rhino Lodge / Angata tented camp or similarDay 5: Ngorongoro Crater to Lake Manyara National ParkStop At: Lake Manyara National Park, Lake Manyara National Park, Arusha Region
We will drive to the Ngorongoro Crater early in the morning. We will have a scrumptious picnic lunch and go on a game drive. The large amount of wildlife as well as the fauna and flora are traits that attribute towards the title of ‘Africa’s Garden of Eden’. Due to the lofty structure, few animals migrate in and out of the crater, so there is a big chance of seeing every member of ‘The Big 5’ in one day. You could also encounter vultures, zebra, hippo, wildebeest and hyenas. The alkaline lake attracts flamingos, geese and storks. Our dedicated, skilled, experienced guides will ensure that you discover all the glorious wonders of nature. We will drive to Tiloma lodge/Moivaro tented camp or Similar
Duration: 12 hoursMeals included:
• Breakfast
• Lunch
• Dinner
Accommodation included: Ovenight at Tiloma lodge/MOivaro Tented camp or similarDay 6: Lake Manyara National Park to MoshiStop At: Lake Manyara National Park, Lake Manyara National Park, Arusha Region
Extending for miles along the emerald base of the gold flecked Rift Valley escarpment, Lake Manyara National Park, can only be described as an array of vistas. Giraffes that are so dark in coloration, they appear to be black from a distance and the tree climbing lions roam the savannah plains. Monkeys cling to the canopies of the forest whilst the hippos disguise themselves in the waters of the soda lake. With over four hundred species, Lake Manyara is a birdwatcher’s delight. Some of the wildlife includes buffalo, zebras, wildebeest, mongoose, klipspringer and bushbuck. A lovely picnic lunch will be served in the park and after the game drive. We will drive back to Moshi. Transfer to Arusha or Kilimanjaro Airport can be arranged on request.
Duration: 12 hoursMeals included:
• Breakfast
• Lunch
No accommodation included on this day.

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Waterfall & Hot Spring Tour.

Materuni is the home of the Chagga tribe and is still an authentic tribal village. This charming place is just 15km away from Moshi Town and is the last village before the Kilimanjaro National Park.
You will be picked up in Moshi in the morning, by our English-speaking guide, who will drive you to Materuni Village. Upon arrival, you will register at the village office and your trip can begin.
First you will visit the waterfalls, which are around a 40 minute walk away. On the way, your guide will inform you about the culture of the Chagga, village life and explain the surrounding fauna and flora. The views are truly breathtaking, and with some luck you will see the summit of
Kilimanjaro. When you reach the waterfalls, you will see that they are more than 80 meters high. The pool at the bottom of the waterfall is an inviting place for a refreshing swim so don‘t forget your swimwear!ItineraryYou will be picked up in Moshi in the morning, by our English-speaking guide, who will drive you to Materuni Village. Upon arrival, you will register at the village office and your trip can begin.

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Trek Mountain Kilimanjaro via Shira Route.

Mount Kilimanjaro or just Kilimanjaro, with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira, is a dormant volcano in Tanzania.
Elevation: 5,895 m
Location: Kilimanjaro Region, north east TanzaniaLast eruption: Between 150,000 and 200,000 years ago

First ascenders: Ludwig Purtscheller, Hans Meyer

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Total Duration: 6 days

Day 1 : Gate, trek to Shira 2 Camp

  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • Habitat: Montane Forest
    The drive from Moshi to the trailhead takes about 3 hours. We hike through the rain forest on a winding trail up a ridge. At lower elevations, the trail can be muddy and slippery. Gaiters and trekking poles are a good idea here. We continue a short distance until we reach the Shira Camp. Overnight at Shira 2 Camp.
  • Meals included: breakfast, lunch, dinner
  • Accommodation not included

Day 2 :

TREKSHIRA 2 CAMP TO LAVA TOWER TO BARRANCO CAMP

  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • Habitat: Semi-desert
    From the Shira Plateau, we continue to the east up a ridge, passing the junction towards the peak of Kibo. As we continue, our direction changes to the South East towards the Lava Tower, called the “Shark’s Tooth” (elev 4650m/15,250ft). Shortly after the tower, we come to the second junction which goes to the Arrow Glacier. We now continue down to the Barranco Camp. Although you end the day around the same elevation as when you began, this day is very important for acclimatization and will help your body prepare for summit day. Overnight at Barranco Camp.
  • Meals included: breakfast, lunch, dinner
  • Accommodation not included
Day 3 :
TREKBARRANCO CAMP TO KARANGA CAMP
  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • Habitat: Alpine Desert
    After breakfast, we leave Barranco and continue on a steep ridge up the Barranco Wall to the Karanga Valley and the junction which connects with the Mweka Trail. Overnight at Karanga Camp.
  • Meals included: breakfast, lunch, dinner
  • Accommodation not included
Day 4 :

TREKKARANGA CAMP TO BARAFU CAMP

  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • Habitat: Alpine Desert
    We continue up to the Barafu Camp. You have completed the South Circuit, which offers views of the summit from many different angles. Here we make camp, rest, enjoy dinner, and prepare for the summit day. An overnight at Barafu Camp.
  • Meals included: breakfast, lunch, dinner
  • Accommodation not included

Day 5 :

TREKBARAFU CAMP TO SUMMIT, DOWN TO MWEKA CAMP

  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • Habitat: Stone scree and ice-capped summit
    Very early in the morning (midnight to 2 am), we continue our way to the summit between the Rebmann and Ratzel glaciers. You head in a northwesterly direction and ascend through heavy scree towards Stella Point on the crater rim. This is the most mentally and physically challenging portion of the trek. At Stella Point you will stop for a short rest and will be rewarded with the most magnificent sunrise you are ever likely to see. Faster hikers may view the sunrise from the summit.
    From Stella Point, you may encounter snow all the way on your 1-hour ascent to the summit. Once at Uhuru Peak you have reached the highest point on Mount Kilimanjaro and the continent of Africa!
    From the summit we begin our descent by continuing straight down to the Mweka Camp, stopping at Barafu for lunch. You may want gaiters and trekking poles for the loose gravel going down. We arrive at Mweka Camp and enjoy our last evening on the mountain. An overnight at Mweka Camp.
  • Meals included: breakfast, lunch, dinner
  • Accommodation not included
Day 6 :

TREK MWEKA CAMP TO MWEKA GATE, DRIVE TO MOSHI

  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • Habitat: Forest
    After breakfast we continue the descent down to the Mweka Park Gate to receive your summit certificates. At lower elevations, it can be wet and muddy. Gaiters and trekking poles will help. Shorts and t-shirts will probably be plenty to wear (keep rain gear and warmer clothing handy).
    From the gate, continue another hour to Mweka Village. A vehicle will meet you at Mweka village to drive you back to your hotel in Moshi (about 30 minutes). You now drive back to Moshi for a long over due hot shower, dinner and celebrations!! Overnight in Bristol Cottage.
  • Meals included: breakfast, lunch, dinner
  • Accommodation not included

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TOUR INCLUDES

Park fees, camping fees & rescue fees

18% VAT on tour fees & services

3 Season mountain tents -29C

Extreme Limit Sleeping Bags

Double layered Sleeping Mats

Transportation to & from the mountain gate

Professional mountain guides, cooks and porters

3 meals daily while on the mountain Katadyn filtered water throughout the trek

Pre & Post Trek accommodation

Fair wages for the mountain crew as approved by the Kilimanjaro National Park Authority (KINAPA), Kilimanjaro Association of Tour Operators (KIATO)

10% discount on meals at selected restaurants in Moshi Town

2 – way shared airport transfers (for private transfers it costs $20 extra per vehicle)

Supplemental Oxygen & Pulse Oximeter

TOUR DOES NOT INCLUDE

Flights Tips to mountain

crew Items of a personal nature

Laundry Services

A doctor for the group

Portable flush toilet with a toilet tent is extra (US$150 per toilet + toilet tent)

Mountain Kilimanjaro Hiking Via Rongai Route.


Mount Kilimanjaro or just Kilimanjaro, with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira, is a dormant volcano in Tanzania.
Elevation: 5,895 m
Location: Kilimanjaro Region, north east TanzaniaLast eruption: Between 150,000 and 200,000 years ago

First ascenders: Ludwig Purtscheller, Hans Meyer

The Rongai route begins its ascent of Kilimanjaro from the northeastern side of the mountain, along the border between Tanzania and Kenya. Experienced guides consider the Rongai route to be both easier and more scenic than the Marangu Trail. Rongai Also known as the Nalemuru route. Although the scenery is not as varied as the western routes, Rongai makes up for this by passing through true wilderness areas for days before joining the Marangu route at Kibo camp . Summit attempts begin in the pre-dawn hours, with climbers usually reaching Gillman’s Point at sunrise. For those who feel strong enough, an approximately three hour round trip hike will take you from Gillman’s Point to Uhuru Peak.

Total Duration: 6 days

Day 1 : Rongai Gate to 1st Caves Camp

  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • Habitat: Montane Forest
    After an early breakfast at your hotel, you will be picked up from Moshi and driven to the Marangu Gate (1980m). At the gate, the porters will organize and pack the belongings for the hike while you and your guide register with the Tanzania National Park (TANAPA). You will then be transferred by vehicle to the Rongai trailhead, which is 2.5 hours away from the Managu Gate. The trail begins in the tall cornfields then leads into the pine forest. This trail has a gradual ascent and allows hikers to enjoy their surroundings. About halfway up the trail you will have a lunch break and you will reach the 1st Caves Camp (2600m) in the late afternoon or early evening. The porters and chef, who move very fast up the mountain, will reach camp before you and set up your tents, boil drinking water, and prepare snacks for your arrival. After washing up, a hot dinner will be served. For overnight, mountain temperatures may drop to freezing so be prepared!
  • Meals included: lunch, dinner
  • Accommodation included: Overnight at 1st caves camp.

Day 2 : 1st Caves Camp to Kikelewa Cave.

  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • Following a hot breakfast, hikers will continue their ascent to Kikelewa Cave (3600m). The trail passes Second Cave (3450m) and this is a good spot to take a lunch break. Similar to the first night, your tents will be set up prior to arriving at camp and the porters will prepare drinking and washing water for you. You will enjoy evening snacks then dinner prepared by our chef. Be prepared for a cold night as temperatures drop below freezing at this exposed camp.
  • Meals included: breakfast, lunch, dinner
  • Accommodation included: Overnight at Kikelewa cave.

Day 3 : Kikelewa Cave to Mawenzi Tarn Camp

  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • Habitat: Moorlands
    On this day, hikers will enjoy a short, yet steep trail to Mawenzi Tarn Camp (4330m). In the moorland, you will spot exotic plants, including giant lobelia and groundsel. At camp, hikers will enjoy spectacular views and allow their bodies to acclimate. Hot dinner and washing water will be prepared for hikers as they enjoy the magnificent sunset.
  • Meals included: breakfast, lunch, dinner
  • Accommodation included: Overnight at Mawezi Turn Camp

Day 4 : Mawenzi Tarn Camp to Kibo Hut

  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • After breakfast, hikers will continue ascending east for a half-day hike to Kibo Hut. Kibo is located in the “Saddle,” which refers to the area located between the peaks of Mawenzi and Kibo in an alpine desert. There is no water at this camp, but hikers can buy mineral water and soft drinks at the camp office. An early dinner will be served so hikers can rest before attempting the summit the same night. Your guide will brief you in detail on how to prepare for summit night. Get to sleep by 19:00!
  • Meals included: breakfast, lunch, dinner
  • Accommodation included: Overnight at Kibo Hut.

Day 5 : Kibo Hut to Uhuru Peak to Horombo Hut

  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • Habitat: Stone scree / ice-cap summit
    Distance: Approximately 6 kilometers ascent and 21 kilometers descent
    Your guide will wake you around 23:30 for tea and biscuits. You will then begin your summit attempt. The trail is rocky up to Hans Meyer Cave (5150m). You continue your ascent to Gillman’s point (5681m). Reaching this section is an impressive achievement as the trail is steep, rocky, and at high altitude. Gillman’s is located on the crater rim. From this point, you will usually experience a snow covered trail until you reach the summit, Uhuru Peak (5895m). Reaching the summit of Mt. Kilimanjaro is a lifetime accomplishment! You will be able to spend a short time on the summit taking photographs and drinking tea before the descent to Barafu begins. The hike down to Kibo Hut takes about 3 hours.At Kibo Hut, you will rest and enjoy a hot lunch in the sun. After eating, you will continue descending down to Horombo Hut (3720m). You will have a dinner, wash, and rest soundly at the hut after a strenuous day.
  • Meals included: breakfast, lunch, dinner
  • Accommodation included: Overnight at Horombo Hut.

Day 6 : Horombo Hut to Marangu Gate.

  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • Following a well-deserved breakfast, your staff will have a big celebration full of dancing and singing. It is here on the mountain that you will present your tips to the guide, assistant guides, chef(s), and porters. After celebrating, you will descend for 6 hours back to Marangu Gate (1980m). The National Park requires all hikers to sign their names to receive certificates of completion. Hikers who reached Gillman’s Point (5681m) receive green certificates and hikers who reached Uhuru Peak (5895m) receive gold certificates. After receiving certificates, you will drive back to Arusha for long overdue showers and more celebrations.
  • Meals included: breakfast, lunch
  • Accommodation not included

Love travel?

Discover, plan and book your perfect trip with expert advice, travel guides, destination information and inspiration with us:

https://www.viator.com/tours/Moshi/Mount-Kilimanjaro-Hike-Through-Rongai-Route/d24103-201393P10

https://www.tripadvisor.co.uk/Attraction_Review-d18933530?m=19905

TOUR INCLUDES

Park fees, camping fees & rescue fees

18% VAT on tour fees & services

3 Season mountain tents -29C

Extreme Limit Sleeping Bags

Double layered Sleeping Mats

Transportation to & from the mountain gate.

Professional mountain guides, cooks and porters.

3 meals daily while on the mountain Katadyn filtered water throughout the trek.

Pre & Post Trek accommodation.

Fair wages for the mountain crew as approved by the Kilimanjaro National Park Authority (KINAPA), Kilimanjaro Association of Tour Operators (KIATO).

10% discount on meals at selected restaurants in Moshi Town.

2 – way shared airport transfers (for private transfers it costs $20 extra per vehicle).

Supplemental Oxygen & Pulse Oximeter.

TOUR DOES NOT INCLUDE

Flights Tips to mountain.

crew Items of a personal nature.

Laundry Services.

A doctor for the group.

Portable flush toilet with a toilet tent is extra (US$150 per toilet + toilet tent).

Kilimanjaro Mountain Tramping via Ubwe Route.

Mount Kilimanjaro or just Kilimanjaro, with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira, is a dormant volcano in Tanzania.

Elevation: 5,895 m

Location: Kilimanjaro Region, north east Tanzania

Last eruption: Between 150,000 and 200,000 years ago

First ascenders: Ludwig Purtscheller, Hans Meyer

Northern Circuit, The Umbwe route has a well-deserved reputation of being the most challenging route on Mount Kilimanjaro. Due to the fast ascent to high altitude, this route does not provide the necessary stages for acclimatization. Although the number of people on this trail is very low, the chances of success are also low. Umbwe is considered to be very difficult, taxing route – one that should only be attempted by strong hikers who are confident in their ability to acclimatize quickly to altitude. Approaching from the south, the Umbwe route is a short, steep and direct climb. After reaching Barranco Camp, the trail turns east and traverses underneath Kilimanjaro’s Southern Ice Field on a path known as the Southern Circuit before summiting from Barafu. Descent is made via the Mweka route.

Total Duration: 6 days

Day 1 : Umbwe Gate to Umbwe Camp. Elevation: 5,249 ft to 9,514 ft.

  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • The day begins with a 50 minute drive to Machame Gate where registration formalities will be completed. We then transfer through villages and coffee and banana plantations to Umbwe Gate. The trail ascends sharply on a forestry track which winds up the dense rain forest. The path narrows and steepens as we climb the ridge between two rivers surrounded by huge trees. Umbwe Camp is perched between trees and thick undergrowth.
  • Meals included: lunch, dinner
  • Accommodation included: Overnight at Ubwe Camp.

Day 2 : Umbwe Camp to Barranco Camp. Elevation: 9,514 ft to 13,044 ft.

  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • The second day of the trek follows rockier terrain with sparse undergrowth and straggly, moss-covered trees. As we gain elevation, glimpses of Kilimanjaro can be seen. The path flattens as we approach Barranco Valley. From Umbwe ridge, the route descends to Barranco Camp through the strange but beautiful Senecio Forest.
  • Meals included: breakfast, lunch, dinner
  • Accommodation included: Overnight at Baranco Camp.

Day 3 : Barranco Camp to Karanga Camp. Elevation: 13,044 ft to 13,106 ft.

  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • We begin the day by descending into a ravine to the base of the Great Barranco Wall. Then we climb the non-technical but steep, nearly 900 ft cliff. From the top of the Barranco Wall we cross a series of hills and valleys until we descend sharply into Karanga Valley. One more steep climb up leads us to Karanga Camp. This is a shorter day meant for acclimatization.
  • Meals included: breakfast, lunch, dinner
  • Accommodation included: Overnight at Karanga Camp.

Day 4 : Karanga Camp to Barafu Camp. Elevation: 13,106 ft to 15,331 ft

  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • We leave Karanga and hit the junction which connects with the Mweka Trail. We continue up to the rocky section to Barafu Hut. At this point, you have completed the Southern Circuit, which offers views of the summit from many different angles. Here we make camp, rest and enjoy an early dinner to prepare for the summit day. The two peaks of Mawenzi and Kibo are viewable from this position.
  • Meals included: breakfast, lunch, dinner
  • Accommodation included: Overnight at Barafu Camp.

Day 5 : Barafu Camp to Uhuru Peak. Elevation: 15,331 ft to 19,341 ft

  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • Very early in the morning (around midnight), we begin our push to the summit. This is the most mentally and physically challenging portion of the trek. The wind and cold at this elevation and time of day can be extreme. We ascend in the darkness for several hours while taking frequent, but short, breaks. Near Stella Point (18,900 ft), you will be rewarded with the most magnificent sunrise you are ever likely to see coming over Mawenzi Peak. Finally, we arrive at Uhuru Peak- the highest point on Mount Kilimanjaro and the continent of Africa.From the summit, we now make our descent continuing straight down to the Mweka Hut camp site, stopping at Barafu for lunch. The trail is very rocky and can be quite hard on the knees; trekking poles are helpful. Mweka Camp is situated in the upper forest and mist or rain can be expected in the late afternoon. Later in the evening, we enjoy our last dinner on the mountain and a well-earned sleep.
  • Meals included: breakfast, lunch, dinner
  • Accommodation included: Overnight at Mweka Camp.

Day 6 : Mweka Camp to Mweka Gate . Elevation: 10,065 ft to 5,380 ft.

  • Itinerary steps: 1
  • On our last day, we continue the descent to Mweka Gate and collect the summit certificates. At lower elevations, it can be wet and muddy. From the gate, we continue another hour to Mweka Village. A vehicle will meet us at Mweka Village to drive us back to the hotel in Moshi.
  • Meals included: breakfast
  • Accommodation not included

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https://www.viator.com/tours/Moshi/Tramping-Mount-Kilimanjaro-Via-Ubwe-Route/d24103-201393P11?mcid=56757

https://www.tripadvisor.co.uk/Attraction_Review-d18933530?m=19905

TOUR INCLUDES

Park fees, camping fees & rescue fees.

18% VAT on tour fees & services.

3 Season mountain tents -29C.

Extreme Limit Sleeping Bags.

Double layered Sleeping Mats.

Transportation to & from the mountain gate.

Professional mountain guides, cooks and porters.

3 meals daily while on the mountain Katadyn filtered water throughout the trek.

Pre & Post Trek accommodation.

Fair wages for the mountain crew as approved by the Kilimanjaro National Park Authority (KINAPA), Kilimanjaro Association of Tour Operators (KIATO).

10% discount on meals at selected restaurants in Moshi Town.

2 – way shared airport transfers (for private transfers it costs $20 extra per vehicle).

Supplemental Oxygen & Pulse Oximeter.

TOUR DOES NOT INCLUDE

Flights Tips to mountain.

crew Items of a personal nature.

Laundry Services.

A doctor for the group.

Portable flush toilet with a toilet tent is extra (US$150 per toilet + toilet tent).

Coffee Heritages in Tanzania.

In Tanzania, the majority of coffee (Arabica) is grown in Northern part on the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru, under shades of banana trees – an exotic location! … Arabica coffee makes up to 70% of total country production. Robusta coffee is grown in the western areas along Lake Victoria in Kagera region.

Coffee farmers in Kilimanjaro are characterized as progressive farmers. They acquired the title from coffee farming returns. From coffee most farmers have made a progress in their community. Many have put up houses with corrugated iron sheet roofing with cement blocks. Traditional houses made from banana fronds are almost extinct. Education to coffee farmers, to his /her children carried first priority over possible uses of coffee income.

That is why majority of coffee farmers and their children can read and write. Accessibility in the villages is relatively good compared to other regions; however to some areas it is difficult during rainy season. Local governments in collaboration with the villagers are putting up efforts to make these roads passable throughout the year.

Organic Coffee Production

Production of Arabica coffee started in the Kilimanjaro region in 1900. It peaked during the mid 1970s to 27,000 tons but has since declined to 12,000 tons or less. Kilimanjaro Arabica tends to fall into the category of what is commonly known within the industry as East African mild.

The production of coffee on the mountain was conducted organically by-default up until the mid-1960s, when chemicals were introduced. Since then most coffee growers applied chemicals to their coffee.

In the nineties this situation changed, due to liberalization farmers were not supplied with inputs any more, prices went down and the coffee farmers also did not manage to purchase various inputs including chemicals. This led majority not to use chemicals for about 10 years now.

Organic Societies

Kilimanjaro Native Cooperative Union (KNCU) has been among certified Cooperative with organic coffee and there are seven Primary Cooperative Societies that grow organic Coffee, which are Mrimbo Uuwo, Mwika Kinyamvuo, Marangu East, Marangu West, Kirua Vunjo East, Mamba North and Uru North Njari. In the season of 2010/2011 these societies have collected a total of 121,741.8 Kilograms of Organic coffee.

March 2003

By this time there were only three Primary Cooperative Societies with organic coffee, these were Mwika Kinyamvuo, Mrimbo Uuwo, and Marangu East, all are located in Moshi Rural district.

Mwika Kinyamvuo

The Society is in the Eastern part of Moshi Rural District, 48 kilometers from KNCU Head Quarters in Moshi Municipality. It falls in the higher altitude coffee growing areas. The society has 911 members, 400 are certified as Organic farmers. In total there are 169,994 trees occupying 407.2 acres with the estimation of producing 56,070 kilograms of coffee annually.

A very small portion of it falls in the middle altitude zone. The physical features are mainly made of undulating hills separated by open valleys.

Coffee is the main cash crop. It is inter-cropped with bananas. Annual crops like maize, beans, cocoyam and sweet potatoes are also inter-cropped depending on the intensity of the canopy. Open spaces are found to farmers having relatively big farms.

These are mainly grown with maize and beans or pasture. Extensive vegetable farming is practiced in one sub-village (Mbale) where the soils and climate favors the crops. The business is mainly done by youths fond of ventures which have quick turnover.

Some farmers have small portions of land within their coffee plots where they grow vegetables for domestic use. Many grow local varieties. The Primary Society is accessible throughout the year.

Mrimbo-Uuwo

Mrimbo-Uuwo is at the borders of Moshi Rural and Rombo Districts to the East, 49 Kilometers from KNCU Head Quarters in Moshi Municipality. It has 870 members among them 275 have been certified as organic farmers. The coffee plots are mainly inter cropped with bananas, beans, maize, yams and sweet potatoes. Patches of land grown with pastures of food crop can be observed neighbouring coffee plots for farmers who have relatively large plots. The average land holding for individual farmer is 1.00 acre. Many farmers keep livestock for security, milk and for farmyard manure essential to their coffee and banana trees.

Vegetables are grown by few farmers especially those close to a reliable source of water for domestic use only. However the varieties grown are local, not susceptible to pests and diseases common to vegetables. The society has a total of 91,515 coffee trees occupying 399.55 acres that can produce up to 27,446 of kilograms per year.

The Primary Society is spread in two altitudes, the middle that is relatively flat and higher which consist of undulating hills separated by open valleys. Coffee thrives well in this altitude. Mrimbo-Uuwo is accessible by an all weather road. Few feeder roads are impassable during the rainy season.

Marangu East

Marangu East is on the Central part of Kilimanjaro region located in Moshi Rural 40 kilometers from Moshi Municipality (KNCU head quarters). It is accessible with tarmac road. The Primary Society stretches in two zones (middle and higher) famous in coffee growing. Coffee is predominately found in the higher altitude.

Farmers in these areas are more concerned with their coffee plots than those on the middle altitude because coffee to them is still the only economic livelihood that they can depend on compared to their counterparts who have been derailed from their coffee farming business by the tourist industry and its related businesses that have flourished well in Marangu, at Marangu Mtoni, it being the main entrance for tourists coming to climb Mount Kilimanjaro.

There are 1,208 members with 170,946 coffee trees. The society has 722.5 acres of land and production is up to 26,148 kilograms of coffee in a year. However, there are 547 members who are certified as Organic Farmers.

September 2003

In September 2003, the organic production was extended to two more Societies which were Kirua Vunjo East and Uru North Njari.

Uru North Njari

The Primary Society is accessible throughout the year and made of undulating hills mainly separated by rivers or streams. The Society is 14 kilometers from Moshi Municipality and located in Moshi rural. The society has 780 members owning a total of 86,055 coffee trees covering 222.0 acres with approximately yielding of 8,395 kilograms of coffee per year.

In this society a total of 122 members are certified as Organic farmers and are expected to increase in number.

Most coffee plots lie on steep land. Soil control measures are fairly done by majority of the farmers. Coffee farming is the main economic venture for many households. Few have patches of land open for growing other food crops, pasture and vegetables. However, their main land for cultivating maize, beans and sunflower is in the low lands on hired or own land. Coffee is inter-cropped with bananas and other annual crops like maize, beans, cocoyam etc.

Kirua Vunjo East

Kirua Vunjo East is on the Northern part of Moshi Rural District, 26 kilometres from KNCU Headquarters. Farmers on the higher altitude depend on coffee, the only cash crop. It is not much on the middle altitude. The villages on the higher altitude are mainly on undulating hills with special characteristic that one hill is occupied by individuals descending from the same clan.

They have relatively big farms mostly surrounded by an open space for growing food crops and pasture. Vegetable farming is also apparent to some farmers. The society have 1,696 members among them 553 are certified as Organic farmers. Owning a total of 283,758 coffee trees covering 1,049.75 acres with approximately yielding of 59,059 kilograms of coffee per year.

Soil fertility reclamations and management practices are observable in the middle altitude especially in Mero village. Rainwater harvesting is the main practice. Farmers efforts are complimented by support from Kilimanjaro Environment Development Association, KEDA, a local Non-Governmental Organization, whose major activities in the area is to encourage and train farmers on aspects of soil conservation, rain water harvesting and establishment of fodder tree nurseries. Of late, Heifer International Project has also participated in providing the farmers with dairy goats, basically to provide them with milk to improve their nutritional status.

July 2007

In July 2007, the organic production was extended to two other more Societies which were in Quality Improvement Program which are Mamba North and Marangu West.

Mamba North

Location
The Society is in the central part of Kilimanjaro region located 43 kilometers from KNCU Headquarters. A very small portion of it falls in the middle altitude zone and the rest in the higher altitude zone.

Flowering in this organic society starts late September to December but depends on the onset of short rains. There are 1,694 members whereby 429 have been certified as Organic farmers, with . Owning a total of 111,393 coffee trees covering 428.5 acres with approximately yielding of 38,824 kilograms of coffee per year.

Coffee is the main cash crop though is inter-cropped with bananas. Annual crops like maize, beans, cocoyams and sweet potatoes are also inter-cropped depending on the intensity of the canopy in the coffee field. Open spaces are found to farmers having relatively big farms. These are mainly grown with maize and beans or pasture. Some farmers have small portions of land within their coffee plots where they grow vegetables for domestic use. Many grow local varieties. The PS is accessible throughout the year.

Marangu West

Location
Is found on the Central part of Kilimanjaro region located in Moshi Rural 43 kilometers from Moshi Municipality (KNCU head quarters). The Primary Society stretches in higher belt zone which receives between 1000 -1750 mm rainfalls per year. Coffee is predominately found in the higher altitude.

Farmers in these areas are more concerned with their coffee plots than those on the middle altitude because coffee to them is still the only economic livelihood that they can depend on compared to their counterparts.

The Primary Society has 2,156 members, However there are 296 members who are certified as Organic Farmers.

With 59,377 coffee trees which covers an area of 336.54 acres of land and production is up to 16,555 kilograms of coffee in a year.

For you next Coffee Excision book here…https://www.tripadvisor.co.uk/Attraction_Review-d18933530?m=19905 https://www.viator.com/tours/Moshi/Materuni-Waterfall-and-Coffee-Tour/d24103-201393P1

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